Colonial and Revolutionary Military Service of George Walker III

George Walker III (bef 1740 – abt 1800), resident of Prince Edward County, Virginia, and later Jessamine County, Kentucky, husband of Priscilla ________, satisfies the criteria as a qualifying ancestor for the Society of Colonial Wars and the Sons/Daughters of the American Revolution, as follows:

Colonial Military Service:

  1. Sheriff, Elizabeth City County VA, 1761. George Walker Jr. is documented as Sheriff of Elizabeth City County VA in 17611.
  2. Captain, Prince Edward County VA Militia, 1767. Walker was documented as a Captain in the Prince Edward Militia on 20 Apr 17672.
  3. Captain, Prince Edward County VA Militia, 1768. A Captain's commission was recorded for Walker in the Prince Edward Militia in 17683.

Revolutionary War Military Service:

  • Major, Prince Edward Militia, record of pay on 23 Sep 17774;
  • Lt. Colonel, Prince Edward militia, appointed May Court 17795;
  • Colonel, Prince Edward militia, appointed March Court 17816. This entry designates George Walker as "Esq."; he was the county attorney general at this time (see 1784 below).

The following chronology is provided as additional evidence that George Walker was a long-time, continuous resident of Prince Edward County, and that he held many political and military positions, as was befitting of his status as a major landowner in the county.

Chronology

1761 – George Walker Jr. is listed as a Sheriff in Elizabeth City County. [Note: George Walker's father was George Walker Sr. of Elizabeth City County, married to Jane Curle.]

1762 – George Walker Jr. qualifies as an attorney in Prince Edward7 {P.E. Order Book 2:164}.

20 Apr 1767 – George Walker appointed Captain, Colonial Army, in Prince Edward.

Nov 1770 – George Walker Jr. takes the oath of King's Attorney, Prince Edward County8 { P.E. Order Book 4:325}.

Nov 1776 – George Walker Jr. took the oath as deputy attorney general for Prince Edward9 {P.E. Order Book 5:504}.

1777 – George Walker receives pay, forage, etc. as Major of the Prince Edward Militia10 {V.M.H.B. 15:190}.

May 1779 – George Walker appointed Lt. Col in the Prince Edward militia11 {P.E. Order Book 6:38-39}.

Jun 1781 – George Walker appointed Colonel in the Prince Edward militia12 {P.E. Order Book 6:96}.

1784 – George Walker is petitioned as one of the most substantial property owners in Prince Edward, in an effort to delay levy of a tax13 {Mss. Legislative Petition, Archives Division, State Library}.

1784 – George Walker resigned as attorney general for Prince Edward 14 {P.E. Order Book 7:207}.

1787 – George Walker was listed in The 1787 Census of Virginia in Prince Edward15.

1791 – Four indentures show Col George Walker, resident of Prince Edward, purchasing land in Cumberland County16.

22 Dec 1798 – Col George Walker writes his will17, now a resident of Jessamine County, Kentucky

Mar 1800 – Will of Col George Walker is proved in Jessamine County, Kentucky18.

1808 – Indenture by the executors William Walker and George Walker, of the will of "Col George Walker", selling land in Cumberland County VA from the estate of Col George Walker, to Ed Dillon19.

Citations

1Chapman, Blanche Adams. Wills and Administrations of Elizabeth City County, Virginia, 1688-1800. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980, p. 155

2Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Printing Company, 1988, p. 30

3Bradshaw, Herbert Clarence. History of Prince Edward County, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia: The Dietz Press Incorporated, 1983, p. 41

4Ibid., p. 114

5William & Mary College Quarterly Magazine, Second Series, April 1935: vol. 35, no. 2, p. 139,

6Ibid., p. 141

7Bradshaw, op. cit., p. 51

8Ibid., p. 52

9Ibid., p. 112

10Ibid., p. 114

11Ibid., p. 118

12Ibid., p. 119

13Ibid., p. 133

14Ibid., p. 140

15Schreiner-Yantis, Netti & Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia. Springfield, Virginia: Genealogical Books in Print, vol. 2

16Holcombe-Walker indenture, 5 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court; LeGrand-Walker indenture, 5 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court; Compton-Walker indenture, 15 Dec 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court; Francisco-Walker indenture, 8 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court

17Will of George Walker, made 22 Dec 1798, proved in March court 1800, Archives, Jessamine KY County Clerk, Nicholasville KY

18Ibid

19Dillan-Walker deed, 21 Sep 1808, Archives, Allen County KY Courthouse

Col. George Walker III, father of William Walker

William Walker (bef 1775- c 1832) was the son of Col. George Walker (bef. 1740 - c 1800) of Prince Edward County, VA, later of Jessamine County, KY, and Priscilla ______ (bef 1762 - aft 1820).

Evidence in the previous article "Proof of Lineage – Jane Curl Walker" showed that William Walker's father was George Walker of Jessamine County KY, author of the will written 22 Dec 1798, proved in 1800 in March Court, Jessamine County KY1.

In this article, evidence is provided to show that the George Walker who authored the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine County will was the same George Walker who:

  • Was a long time resident of Prince Edward County, VA, and was listed in the 1787 Census of Virginia in Prince Edward County with extensive slave and cattle holdings,
  • Was appointed Colonel in the Virginia Militia in 1781 March court, Prince Edward County.

Outline - The evidence is presented in the following sections:

Section 1 – Evidence that the same George Walker:

  • Was the author of the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine County KY will,
  • Was a resident of Prince Edward County VA named on four indentures in 1791, and
  • Was appointed Colonel of the Prince Edward County VA militia in 1781.

Section 2 – Two additional links suggest that the same George Walker:

  • Was the author of the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine County KY will, and
  • Was the subject of the 1791 Prince Edward County indentures.

Section 3 – Evidence shows that, of the 9 George Walkers listed in the 1787 Census of Virginia, the only George Walker who had sufficient wealth to be the author of the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine County will was George Walker of Prince Edward County.

Section 4 - Documentation of dates and places of birth, marriage, and death.

Section 1

A deed2 dated 21 Sep 1808 from Jessamine County KY was made between Edward Dillan of Prince Edward VA, and "William Walker and George Walker executors of the last will and testament of the late Col. George Walker of Jessamine County Kentucky of the other part".

This deed is relevant for two reasons (A and B below):

A) The statement "… the late Col. George Walker" establishes that William Walker's father was a Colonel. There are only two alleged Colonel George Walkers of record from the Revolutionary War from Virginia. George Walker of Prince Edward County was appointed Colonel3 in March Court 1781. Some web sites allege Colonel rank for a second George Walker, of Brunswick County, husband of Mary Meade. However this claim is probably based on confusion with the George Walker of Prince Edward. The will of George Walker of Brunswick County, husband of Mary Meade, was proved in Brunswick County on 25 Dec 1780, so he could not have been the George Walker appointed Colonel in Prince Edward in March 1781. To date, this researcher has not been able to find any evidence that George Walker of Brunswick County ever held the rank of Colonel.

The above comprises evidence that the Col. George Walker mentioned in the 1808 indenture, author of the Jessamine County will (22 Dec 1798), was in fact Col. George Walker of Prince Edward County, VA.

B) The 1808 Jessamine County deed shows that George Walker, author of the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine will, owned land in Cumberland County VA. Specifically, the deed trades4 600 acres of land in Cumberland County, held by George Walker's estate, for land in KY.

There are (at least) 4 deeds from 1791 that prove that George Walker, resident of Prince Edward County in 1791, purchased land in adjacent Cumberland County, consistent with this George Walker being the individual mentioned in the 1808 indenture, and the author of the 22 Dec 1798 will. By these four indentures5,6,7,8 from 1791, George Walker "of the County of Prince Edward" purchased a total of 357 acres of land in Cumberland County.

These 4 deeds from 1791 prove that George Walker of Prince Edward County owned land in Cumberland County VA. This fact is consistent with his being the same George Walker whose estate is referenced in the 1808 Jessamine County indenture which specifies that his estate owned 600 acres of land in Cumberland County.

Section 2

There are two facts that provide additional evidence that ties the George Walker of the 1791 deeds to the George Walker named on the 1808 indenture.

First, the first of four 1791 deeds cited9 is between John Holcombe and George Walker. John Holcombe's daughter, Sarah, married William Walker, the son of the George Walker named on the 1808 indenture, providing additional supporting evidence that these 2 George Walkers are the same individual.

Second, there is a clue on the 1808 indenture that part of the 600 acres sold by George Walker's estate on the 1808 indenture was the same land purchased by George Walker of Prince Edward in the second 1791 indenture cited10.

Specifically, the LeGrande-Walker 1791 indenture describes the location of the particular parcel of land purchased by George Walker with the unusual designation "more or less lying and being in the County of Cumberland", whereas the other three indentures specify that the parcels of land involved were specifically "in" Cumberland County. The 1808 indenture selling George Walker's land to Edward Dillon uses almost exactly the same wording: "…six hundred acres of Land be the same more or less lying in Cumberland County…" [italic emphasis added].

The wording "more or less lying in Cumberland County" places the land involved in both the 1791 indenture and the 1808 indenture in a specific area of Cumberland County either where county borders were more vague, or where the parcel of land was partly in another county. Therefore there is a greater chance that the land sold by the executors of George Walker's will was comprised in part of the same land purchased in 1791 by George Walker of Prince Edward County, providing further evidence that the George Walker, author of the 1798 Jessamine County KY will, was the same George Walker of Prince Edward County named on the 1791 indenture.

Section 3

The following is evidence that George Walker, resident of Prince Edward County on the 1787 Census of Virginia, was the only George Walker in Virginia who possessed sufficient wealth to be the George Walker who wrote the 22 Dec 1798 will in Jessamine County KY.

The 1787 Virginia census (which included the area later established as the state of Kentucky in 1791) lists 9 George Walkers11. Only one of these, George Walker of Prince Edward County, had significant wealth (40 slaves, 15 horses/mares, 40 cattle).

The 22 Dec 1798 will of George Walker of Jessamine County lists extensive wealth12:

  • "the plantation whereon I now live" in Jessamine County KY;
  • three additional tracts of land in Kentucky totaling 1,624 acres (page D37, red underlines); and
  • land in Virginia, shown to comprise (at least) the 600 acres in Cumberland County by the 1808 deed cited above.

This will was written just 11 years after the 1787 census. Thus it appears that the only George Walker on the 1787 census with sufficient wealth to be the George Walker who wrote the 22 Dec 1798 Jessamine County will is the George Walker listed in Prince Edward County in 1787. The fact that he had moved to a new plantation between 1787 and 1798 is supported by the statement in the will that he left his son William "the plantation whereon I now live", and by the relentless move westward by tobacco plantation owners, as their crops exhausted the land within a few years.

Section 4

Documentation of dates and places of birth, marriage, and death.

In the next article, "Proof of Lineage – George Walker III", a chronology of George Walker's public offices and military appointments is detailed. His first public office was Sheriff in Elizabeth City County VA in 1761, placing his birth year before 1740. He died before his will was proved in Jessamine County in March 1800.

George Walker's wife Priscilla is listed on the 1810 Jessamine County census, age over 45, placing her birth year before 1765. The last record of her that we have found is on the 1820 Jessamine County census, living with William Walker, placing her death after 1820.

As shown in the previous chapter, the birth year of George and Priscilla's oldest child, William, was before 1776; therefore the date of marriage between George and Priscilla was before 1776. If we assume she was at least 14 at the time of her marriage, her birth year would be before 1762.

There is no firm record of Priscilla's last name. Circumstantial evidence suggests that she was Priscilla Curle, the daughter of George Walker's first cousin, David Curle (1737-1767), but this supposition remains unproven.

Citations

1Will of George Walker, made 22 Dec 1798, proved in March court 1800, Archives, Jessamine KY County Clerk, Nicholasville KY

2Dillan-Walker deed, 21 Sep 1808, Archives, Allen County KY Courthouse

3Colonial Soldiers", William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 2, April 1935, p. 139

4Dillan-Walker deed, op. cit.

5Holcombe-Walker indenture, 5 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court

6LeGrand-Walker indenture, 5 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court

7Compton-Walker indenture, 15 Dec 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court

8Francisco-Walker indenture, 8 Sep 1791, Record of Deeds, Prince Edward Circuit Court

9Holcombe-Walker indenture, op. cit.

10LeGrande-Walker indenture, op. cit.

11Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia. Springfield: Genealogical Books in Print, p. 1967

12Will of George Walker, op. cit.